Inspired by a citizen of Neustadt and a newspaper publisher, the collection of regional material witnesses began as early as 1871. In 1874 the museum was opened. Almost 100 years later, after an eventful history, it was closed. In preparation for its planned reopening in 1991, intensive collecting activities were started on the subjects of the history of handicrafts, industrial and technical history, artificial flower production and objects of art by regional artists as well as the everyday history of the town of Neustadt. Intensive research was carried out and meticulously documented. Nevertheless, the museum was only reopened in 1997.
The Neustadt/Saxony City Museum is housed in the old malt house of the former Schmole brewery. On two floors, it provides information about important stages in the town's history, such as gold mining, the artificial flower industry and agricultural engineering, as well as about important personalities who were active far beyond the town's borders.
On the first floor of the house you can discover thematically arranged themes for yourself: manors of the surrounding villages Langburkersdorf and Polenz, artificial flower production in Neustadt, file cutting in Neustadt, marksmanship, middle-class life around 1890 as well as the rope workshop with sales counter. On this floor is also the special exhibition room, where four different special exhibitions are shown every year.
On the second floor you can stroll chronologically through the history of the town. Starting with the founding of the town around 1300 by Freiberg miners, the gold deposits in neighbouring Hohwald, the Neustadt craftsmanship, and topics such as postal history, company history, with the focus on VEB Kombinat Fortschritt Landmaschinen and life after the Second World War.
Furthermore, four personalities of the town are presented: Wilhelm Leberecht Götzinger, pastor and discoverer of Saxon Switzerland, Wilhelm Kaulisch, teacher and local poet, Julius Mißbach, publisher and politically committed Neustadt man and Friedrich Adolf August Struve, the inventor of artificial mineral water.
Several small adventure stations allow children to experience the museum.