»Hoří, má panenko« is an absolute classic of Czech film history. As in some other cases (eg »Pelíšky«), various quotations have found their way into the Czech vocabulary.
But this film is also an example of how a contemporary criticism is hidden behind the facade of a funny comedy, which on the one hand refers to the political situation before the Prague Spring, but on the other hand to various human characteristics and social normalities. Here you don't see a loving portrayal of somewhat quirky characters, but also unsympathetic characters.
csfd.cz says: "Forman managed to get to the roots of human nature, many characters seem to have been cut out of real life. If his previous films looked down on human activities with a benevolent and friendly smile, this film is the The lyrical and soothing note has completely disappeared, leaving only the consistent exposure of the negative sides of human nature. And the firemen's ball, the incredible course of which the film follows, is like a skewed mirror of the social situation of the sixties."