Furthermore, the region is characterized by different mountain ranges. The highest mountains can be found in the Erzgebirge, the eastern part of which lies in the region and on whose crest the German-Czech border runs. On the German side, the mountains rise slowly from north to south and then fall steeply on the Czech side (Pultscholle). Relatively gentle elevations, colourful mountain meadows and the elongated ridge are characteristic of the Eastern Ore Mountains. The highest elevations on the Czech side are Pramenáč (Bornhauberg) with 909m and on the German side the Kahleberg with 905m.
The mountain range with the most visitors is the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, mostly called Saxon Switzerland and Bohemian Switzerland. The border to the Eastern Ore Mountains is usually located near Petrovice. As the name already indicates, the Elbe Sandstone Mountains are characterized by sandstone, which has often taken on bizarre forms due to erosion. This not only attracts many tourists, but also makes the area an El Dorado for rock climbing. The highest elevation is the Großer Winterberg (556m), but classical mountains hardly play a role here compared to the impressive rock faces and peaks. The national parks Saxon and Bohemian Switzerland protect large parts of this unique natural area.
South of the Ore Moiuntains (Erzgebirge) and the Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) stretch the Central Bohemian Highlands (České středohoří). Most characteristic are separate, mostly conical mountains, former volcanos. The highest and most prominent is Milešovka (836m).